If you’ve killed off every succulent you’ve ever had – you’re not alone! Many people purchase succulents in hopes of watching them flourish, only to end up with dead plants a few weeks later. Unfortunately, the easiest and surest way to kill a succulent is to over or under water it.
Once you learn how to water succulents properly, however, you’ll be well on your way to growing a beautiful succulent garden of your own!
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Should Succulents be Watered Regularly?
Succulents have a reputation for being ultra low-maintenance plants due to their drought tolerance. While this is true, they do need water to survive and they perform best when watered regularly, but never excessively.
Since succulents and cacti store water in their stems and leaves, observing their leaves will give you clues as to whether they’re getting the right amount of moisture.
Yellow, soggy leaves, as shown in the photo below, usually indicate over-watering. Brown, dry leaves from the middle or top of your succulent indicate a dire lack of moisture.
However, dry leaves at the base of your plant, as shown below, is a natural process; your succulent is getting ready to replace old leaves with new ones, so don’t be alarmed. Simply tug off these dry leaves and discard.
How Often to Water Succulents
When it comes to when and how often to water succulents, it’s important to remember that succulents hate soggy soil. Its why planting them in well-draining cactus mix or succulents soil is a crucial step in growing them successfully.
Cactus mix is made to be fast-draining so that the roots of your succulents don’t sit in soggy soil, as this could lead to root rot. Regular potting soil retains far too much water and is too slow-draining for succulents and cacti -so don’t use it!
A good cactus soil will contain particles such as pumice, small twigs, and sand, which is what helps excess water move through the soil and out of the drainage hole.
If you’ve always planted your succulents in regular potting soil, you may have unintentionally started your plant off on the wrong foot. Don’t worry, though, it’s a common mistake and one that can be easily fixed!
(Read my How To Care For Succulents post for a refresher on planting succulents properly).
Unfortunately, there’s no exact science for how often to water succulents because many things come into play such as climate, whether you’re growing your succulents indoors or outdoors, and what kind of pot and soil you’re using.
There is, however, a rule of thumb: water succulents ONLY when the soil is dry, and water thoroughly until you see water escape from the drainage hole.
When you see water draining from the bottom of the pot, you’ll know the soil has received adequate moisture. Generally speaking, I wait about a week between waterings. This is usually how long it takes for the soil in my growing zone (zone 9) to dry out.
When a week has gone by since my last watering, I simply touch the soil with my finger to see how dry it feels. If it feels dry about an inch deep, I know it’s time to water again.
How Much Water Do Succulents Need?
The actual act of watering succulents is easy. I prefer to water with a small watering can because it allows me to control the amount of water I give each plant. Since I grow succulents in small pots, I don’t need to use a larger watering can or a garden hose. I use watering cans because they’re inexpensive, light-weight, and effective.
Many gardeners prefer watering their smaller planters with a watering squeeze bottle or a watering syringe because it allows them to be more precise. (You can use them for your other houseplants, too).
Watering squeeze bottles or syringes are excellent for avoiding messes and designating different amounts of water to each small plant. They come in handy when watering compact succulent arrangements or garden crafts, such as the DIY succulent Christmas ornaments below. A gentle squeeze of the watering bottle is all you need for a smaller arrangement.
Water Succulents Thoroughly
Always keep a watchful eye when watering your succulents and cacti. Once you feel that the soil is dry to the touch, it’s time to water.
Simply stick the spout of your watering can directly above the soil, as shown below, (don’t water the leaves, they don’t need it!) and let the water flow gently for a few seconds. Do this in small increments until you see water spill out of the drainage hole.
Let your plant sit for a few minutes and then discard the water from the saucer. This is a very important step and many people don’t realize how crucial it is when learning how to water succulents!
Why is this so important? Well, if you don’t discard the drained water from the saucer, then the roots of your plant will be exposed to too much moisture for an extended period of time and they may rot.
*This happened to me once after leaving a potted Echevarria Lola in a saucer that was full of water. I forgot to drain the saucer and within 2 days, my little plant had rotted!
What To Avoid When Mastering How To Water Succulents
I’ve talked about which supplies you can use to water your succulent plants, but I also want to talk to you about what NOT to use.
I know some people use a spray bottle to water the leaves of their indoor plants, but this is something you want to avoid with your succulent garden.
Never use a spray bottle to spray water onto the leaves. Here’s why: succulent leaves are prone to rotting if they’re exposed too much moisture, especially if they’re being grown indoors where the water doesn’t evaporate as quickly as it does outside.
The roots are the only part of the succulent plant that needs to be watered, the leaves don’t need any additional water. Remember, learning how to water succulents the right way involves watering the soil, NOT the leaves.
In fact, when you plant your succulents, always make sure that all of the leaves sit on top of the soil because you want to make sure they remain as dry as possible.
How to Water Succulents Outdoors
If you’re growing succulents outdoors that are planted directly into the ground, then it’s okay to use a watering hose to water your succulents. Since they’ll be sitting under direct sunlight, they’ll be far less prone to rotting if the leaves get wet.
I know it’s hard to not water your plants overhead when they’ve been planted in the ground, so just inspect your leaves every few days to make sure they’re not suffering from water overload. Follow the same basic formula as you would when watering potted succulents: water when the soil is dry.
You Now Know How to Water Succulents Correctly!
Congratulations! You made it through this post which means you now know how to water succulents so that they stay healthy and happy! All that’s left is for you to practice what you’ve learned.
Always remember that less is more when it comes to how much and how often to water succulents and cacti. Also be mindful of the weather conditions, especially during hot summers and rainy days.
TIP: Bring your potted succulents indoors if it’s too hot outside (over 90 degrees) or if you expect rain.